Lungs

Cough dysfunction in the management of patients with dysphagia

Introduction The relationship between cough and swallowing function is undeniable. Although cough function has only recently garnered significant research attention in the field of dysphagia management, it has long played a significant role in the clinical practice of the Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP). For example, when we as SLPs complete a clinical bedside swallowing evaluation we…

Young man sleeping

Short-term expiratory muscle strength training attenuates sleep apnea and improves sleep quality in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

Article Highlights Applying a short-term EMST program may improve sleep quality but also reduce sleep apnea symptoms in patients with mild to moderate OSA. This study demonstrates that when patients with mild-to-moderate OSA participate in a 5-week EMST program, their sleep apnea severity, sleep quality, and respiratory muscle strength are improved. Reference Kuo, Yu-Chi, et…

Transparent skull model

Expiratory muscle strength training for radiation-associated aspiration after head and neck cancer

Article Highlights Expiratory strengthening may be a novel therapeutic target to improve airway protection in this population Data suggest functional improvements in swallowing safety in chronic radiation-associated aspirators Maximum Expiratory Pressures (MEP) were reduced in chronic radiation-associated aspirators Reference Hutcheson, Katherine A., et al. “Expiratory Muscle Strength Training for Radiation-Associated Aspiration after Head and Neck…

supracricoid partial laryngectomy surgery

The safety and efficacy of expiratory muscle strength training for rehabilitation after supracricoid partial laryngectomy

Article Highlights First report of EMST intervention after supracricoid partial laryngectomy (SCPL). The clinical pilot study was undertaken to determine the safety and efficacy of a 4-week treatment program Most participants found the device easy to use and beneficial Demonstrated improvement in two measures: Increase in peak cough flow and decrease on the Dyspnea index…

Jogger running up steps

High-Intensity Respiratory Muscle Training Improves Strength and Dyspnea Post-Stroke

Article Highlights Examine whether high-intensity home-based RMST delivered more frequently and for a longer duration would increase the strength and endurance of the respiratory muscles, reduce dyspnea and respiratory complications, and improve walking capacity post-stroke. High-intensity home-based respiratory muscle training was effective in increasing the strength and endurance of the respiratory muscles and reducing dyspnea…

Expiratory Muscle Strength Training and your Voice

The Effects of Expiratory Muscle Strength Training on Voice and Associated Factors in Medical Professionals With Voice Disorders

Article Highlights Twenty-nine participants with voice disorders who are working in a hospital and who are using their voice for more than 4 hours per day were recruited. Study group: EMST 3 days per week and involved performing 25 expiratory exercises (five cycles, each comprising five breaths) for 5 weeks Control group: NO intervention All…

Young woman sleeping

Inspiratory Muscle Training Improves Sleep and Mitigates Cardiovascular Dysfunction in Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Article Highlights The study assessed the effect of daily inspiratory muscle strength training (IMT) on sleep and cardiovascular function in adults unable to use continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy Subjects were randomly assigned to placebo or inspiratory muscle strength training Subjects in each group performed 5 min of training each day for 6 w.…